Controlling access for entry in the workplace is vital to all businesses. Physical access control system provides safety to your employees and secure your business assets against criminal activity. An advanced access control system can monitor access as well as egress. And also allows restrictions to be placed on any access point. Entrance can be granted on the specific days within defined time zones or for selective groups.
Different Types of Access Control Systems
- Password – A word or set of letters, numbers, and symbols.
- Access control card – Size of a credit card, with a magnetic strip or computer chip, swiped through or placed next to a card reader.
- Security fob – A device with a RF security chip inside, placed next to security fob reader.
- Fingerprint reader – Scans a person’s fingerprint, which is different for each person.
- Palm reader – Scans the palm of a person’s hand, which is unique for each person.
- Voice recognition – Usually requires a person to say their name, a specific sentence or series of words, to recognize the person’s unique voice pattern.
- Retina scan – A scan of the eye, specifically the retina, which is unique for each person.
- DNA scan – Much more sophisticated and futuristic, requiring sample of saliva or blood to check for and verify the person’s DNA.
Use of Access Control
The goal of access control is to minimize the risk of unauthorized access to physical and logical systems. Access control is a fundamental component of security compliance programs that ensures security technology and access control policies are in place to protect confidential information, such as customer data. Most organizations have infrastructure and procedures that limit access to networks, computer systems, applications, files and sensitive data, such as personally identifiable information and intellectual property.
Access control systems are complex and can be challenging to manage in dynamic IT environments that involve on-premises systems and cloud services. After some high-profile breaches, technology vendors have shifted away from single sign-on systems to unified access control management, which offers access controls for on-premises and cloud environments.